VA Loan

By Damon Duvall
Wed, Aug 16, 2023

VA Loan

Everything You Need to Know About VA Loans

Are you a military member, veteran, or surviving spouse looking to secure a home loan? The VA loan program, backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs might be the perfect fit for your needs. Offering unique benefits like no down payment, lower interest rates and no private mortgage insurance VA loans can make homeownership more accessible and affordable.


In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about VA loans, from understanding their benefits and eligibility criteria to comparing them with conventional mortgages. Let’s dive in!

Short Summary

  • VA loans offer a variety of benefits, including no down payment and lower interest rates.

  • Eligibility criteria must be met to qualify for VA loan, which offers refinancing options such as IRRRL or Cash-Out Refinance.

  • Comparing VA Loans to conventional mortgages reveals favorable terms such as no PMI and more accessible route to homeownership.

Understanding VA Loans

VA loans are mortgage loans backed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, designed to help eligible military personnel, veterans and their spouses obtain affordable home financing through private lenders like banks, credit unions or mortgage companies. VA loans are available for various types of properties, including condos and manufactured homes. I even have one myself.

The VA loan program offers attractive benefits such as competitive interest rates, no minimum down payment requirement and a VA funding fee that can be included in the loan amount. The VA guaranty serves as a guarantee from the Department of Veterans Affairs to private lenders, protecting them from total loss in the event of buyer default.

Advantages of VA Loans

VA loans provide several advantages over conventional loans, making them an attractive option for eligible borrowers. These benefits include:

  • No down payment

  • Lower interest rates

  • No private mortgage insurance

  • Limited closing costs

Compared to conventional loans, VA loans offer a more accessible path to homeownership for active duty service members, veterans and surviving spouses. With no minimum down payment requirement and competitive interest rates, VA loans can be a more cost-effective choice.

No Down Payment

One of the most significant advantages of VA loans is the full VA loan entitlement, which includes the absence of a down payment requirement. Veterans are entitled to receive up to 103,6% financing with no requirement for private mortgage insurance (PMI) or a 20% second mortgage. Furthermore, they can also soak up to $6,000 on energy-efficient improvements. This allows eligible borrowers to purchase a home more easily, without the burden of saving for a substantial down payment.

VA loans also offer competitive interest rates and flexible repayment terms, making them an attractive option.

Lower Interest Rates

VA loans generally have more favorable interest rates when compared to conventional mortgages. This translates to lower monthly mortgage payments, making homeownership more affordable for qualified borrowers.

While the average interest rate for a VA loan may vary, it is currently reported to be approximately 6.96%.

No Private Mortgage Insurance

Unlike conventional loans, VA loans do not require private mortgage insurance (PMI). PMI is a type of insurance that protects lenders in the event of borrower default, and is often required for most low- or no-down-payment loan programs available to civilians.

By eliminating the need for PMI, VA loans reduce the monthly costs for borrowers.

Limited Closing Costs

Another financial advantage of VA loans is the limited closing costs associated with them. The Department of Veterans Affairs stipulates that the lender’s origination fee should not exceed 1% of the loan amount, and certain closing costs are prohibited. This can save borrowers money during the home buying process.

VA loans also offer more flexible credit requirements than other loan types. Borrowers with lower credit scores can still qualify, thanks in part to the VA loan limits that help make these loans more accessible.

VA Loan Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for a VA loan, borrowers must meet specific criteria based on factors such as:

  • Military service

  • National Guard/Reserve service

  • Surviving spouse status

  • Credit/income

  • Property

Military service records indicate the number of years served and verification of VA loan eligibility necessitates proof of military service.

Other factors that lenders consider when determining eligibility include:

  • The borrower’s credit score

  • Debt-to-income (DTI) ratio

  • Residual income

  • Employment history

It’s essential for borrowers to meet these requirements to qualify for a VA home loan.

Types of VA Home Loans

The VA home loan program offers a variety of financing options to cater to different needs. These options include VA Purchase Loans for eligible veterans, active-duty service members and surviving spouses who want to buy a home.

For those looking to refinance their existing mortgage, the VA offers the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) and the VA Cash-Out Refinance. Additionally, the Native American Direct Loan (NADL) Program provides specialized loans for eligible Native American veterans to purchase, build or improve a home on federal trust land.

Obtaining a VA Loan: Step-by-Step Guide

The process of obtaining a VA loan starts with obtaining a Certificate of Eligibility (COE), which verifies an individual’s eligibility to receive a VA loan and confirms their VA loan entitlement. Borrowers can request their lender to obtain a COE on their behalf, or they can request one themselves through the VA’s eBenefits site or by submitting VA Form 26-1880 through the mail.

Next, it’s essential to follow these steps to obtain a VA loan.

  1. Find a VA-approved lender.

  2. Get preapproved for a VA loan.

  3. Select a property that meets VA loan eligibility requirements.

  4. Work with your lender to finalize the loan.

  5. Discuss any necessary repairs with the seller.

  6. Cover the appraisal costs.

  7. Occupy the property within a specified timeframe.

By following these steps, you can successfully obtain a VA loan.

VA Loan Limitations

Despite their numerous benefits, VA loans come with certain limitations. One of the main restrictions is that they are only applicable to primary residences and cannot be used to finance a second home or investment property. This means that VA loans are not suitable for borrowers looking to purchase vacation homes or investment properties.

Moreover, VA loans have specific property eligibility requirements concerning the safety, soundness and structural integrity of the home. A VA-approved appraiser will evaluate the property to ensure it meets these minimum property requirements, which may affect the borrower’s ability to secure a VA loan for their desired property.

Refinancing Options with VA Loans

For borrowers looking to adjust their mortgage terms or access home equity, VA loans offer refinancing options such as the Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan (IRRRL) and the VA Cash-Out Refinance. The IRRRL allows borrowers to refinance their existing VA loan at a lower interest rate, while the VA Cash-Out Refinance enables eligible homeowners to refinance their mortgage and obtain cash from their home’s equity.

These refinancing options can help borrowers achieve more favorable mortgage terms, reduce their monthly payments, or access additional funds for home improvements or other financial needs.

It’s essential to consult with a VA-approved lender to determine the best refinancing option for your specific situation.

Reusing Your VA Loan Benefit

Borrowers can use their VA loan benefits multiple times, provided they meet certain conditions. For example, if a borrower has already utilized their VA loan benefit to purchase a home and wants to use it again, they must sell the previous home or pay off the loan in full.

By meeting these requirements, borrowers can take advantage of their VA loan benefits multiple times throughout their lives, allowing them to continue enjoying the favorable terms and conditions offered by the VA loan program as their housing needs change over time.

VA Loan Fees and Exemptions

One of the fees associated with VA loans is the VA funding fee, which is charged by the Department of Veterans Affairs to help cover the costs of the VA Home Loan program. The funding fee typically ranges between 1.25% and 3.3% of the loan amount and varies based on the borrower’s situation.

However, certain veterans and surviving spouses may be eligible for exemptions. Disabled veterans are not required to pay for the funding fee. This is an example of the exemption made to them. It’s essential to understand the fees associated with VA loans and any available exemptions to ensure you’re making the most informed decision when pursuing a VA loan.

Comparing VA Loans to Conventional Mortgages

When comparing VA loans to conventional mortgages, it’s essential to consider factors such as:

  • Down payment requirements: VA loans do not require a down payment, whereas conventional mortgages usually require a down payment of at least 5%.

  • Interest rates: VA loans generally have more favorable interest rates than conventional mortgages.

  • Mortgage insurance: VA loans do not require mortgage insurance, whereas conventional mortgages typically require it if the down payment is less than 20%.

These factors can help you determine which type of loan is best for your needs.

Another key difference is the absence of private mortgage insurance (PMI) for VA loans. PMI is often required for conventional mortgages with low or no down payments, increasing the monthly costs for borrowers. By considering these factors, it becomes clear that VA loans can offer significant advantages over conventional mortgages for eligible borrowers.


In conclusion, VA loans are an excellent option for eligible military members, veterans, and their spouses looking to secure a home loan. With benefits such as no down payment, lower interest rates, and no private mortgage insurance, VA loans make homeownership more accessible and affordable.

Before pursuing a VA loan, it’s essential to understand eligibility criteria, types of VA home loans, limitations and fees associated with the program. By doing so, you can make an informed decision and fully take advantage of the benefits offered by the VA loan program.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the disadvantages of a VA loan?

VA loans can come with higher interest rates and stricter eligibility requirements than other loan types, making it important to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.

Additionally, closing costs tend to be higher with VA loans, and loan limits are typically lower than conventional loans.

What is the highest VA loan you can get?

With full entitlement, eligible Veterans, service members, and survivors no longer have loan limits over $144,000. For borrowers with partial entitlement, the standard VA loan limit in most parts of the U.S. is currently $726,200 in 2023. High-cost counties may have a higher loan limit, up to $1,089,300.

What is the meaning of VA loan?

A VA loan is a mortgage loan from a lender that is backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This loan helps servicemembers, veterans and their families buy homes with more favorable terms and conditions.

The VA does not make the loan, but rather sets the guidelines and guarantees any loan made under the program.

What types of properties are eligible for VA loans?

VA loans are available for a variety of primary residences, including condos, manufactured homes and more.

Are VA loans only available for active-duty military members?

No, VA loans are not only available for active-duty military members; they are also offered to veterans and their surviving spouses.

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